SENIORS - Federico Armenteros Avila, a well-built man in his mid-sixties, removes heavy padlocked chains from the door of a large, abandoned building in Madrid. It’s set to become Spain’s first LGBT+ retirement home.
Once inside, we find rubble, broken glass and even a birds nest, complete with two eggs lying in it.
“You see, 10 years empty!” laughs Armenteros Avila, seemingly unfazed by the scale of the challenge ahead of him. The dilapidated site is set to be renovated into a retirement home for the LGBT+ community, funded by Madrid’s regional government.
“This is going to be the first publicly funded residence of its kind in the world,” he tells PinkNews.
“A residence that will welcome people who don’t have many financial resources, to care for these people whose only other option is to die in the street, or alone at home.”
The residence will be managed by Federico’s organisation, the 26th December Foundation, whose name serves as a reminder of the Spanish LGBT+ community’s particularly difficult history of fighting for equal rights.
“We want to give specialised care so that people don’t have to go inside the closet again.”
— Susana Guimarães
On December 26 1979, Spain finally saw the repeal of a law that had been used to imprison people suspected of same-sex relationships during General Francisco Franco’s fascist dictatorship, which lasted from 1939 to 1975.
“It was a time of fierce persecution of sexual liberty,” says Armenteros Avila, who remembers the fear that he felt as a gay man during Franco’s regime.
“They put you in prison, or sent you to a psychiatric ward. They used electroshock therapy to ‘correct you’—that was if you were lucky. The unlucky ones had lobotomies.”
Armenteros Avila survived Franco’s homophobic regime and is set to open Spain’s first LGBT+ retirement home (PinkNews)
Homosexuality was formally outlawed from 1954, with a reform of Spain’s Vagrancy Act that declared measures to correct “those subjects fallen to the lowest levels of morality.”
Thousands of LGBT+ people were imprisoned as a result.
Armenteros Avila describes how the threat of these punishments led to a total lack of self-expression by queer people.
“You couldn’t speak to anyone,” he says. “You learnt that you have to show yourself to be something that you are not, you go into a kind of theatrical performance.”
What will the LGBT retirement home provide?
These decades of repression of sexual identity have left a long legacy of mental health issues, according to psychologist Susana Guimarães, who works at the 26th December Foundation.
Childhood photos: Many of those hoping to retire here lived through Franco’s regime (PinkNews)
“We see a lot of people that suffer a lot, people lived in the closet for all of their life, now they have all of these characteristics of internalised homophobia,” she tells PinkNews.
The new residence, Guimarães explains, will provide clients with a safe space.